søndag den 11. december 2016

The Bourbon Branches

The Bourbon dynasty spread itself out in quite a few branches - like every other family - besides the royal family itself. This post is about the the families that also descended from the Capetian dynasty but were not members of the immediate royal family.






Bourbon-Condé

The name is derived from the main title held by the house; that of Prince de Condé. Originally, the family line began in 1557; since then the Princes and Princesses of Condé were:

Louis de Bourbon (uncle of Henri IV) married Eléanor de Roucy de Roye (1) and Francoise d'Orléans (2)


Henri I de Bourbon married Marie of Cleves (1) and Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille (2)


Henri II de Bourbon married Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency


Louis II de Bourbon (the Grand Condé) married Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé


Henri Jules de Bourbon married Anne of Bavaria


Louis III de Bourbon married Louise Francoise de Bourbon (Daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan)



Louis IV Henri de Bourbon married Marie Anne de Bourbon (1) and Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (2)


Louis V Joseph de Bourbon married Charlotte de Rohan (1) and Maria Caterina Brignole (2)


The house died out two lines after the last mentioned here but since the last two lived after the ancien regime they are not included.
Both the sub-cadets of Bourbon-Soissons and Bourbon-Conti are descending from this branch.

The titles held by the House of Bourbon-Condé:
Prince de Condé
Duc de Bourbon
Duc d'Enghien
Duc de Montmorency
Marquis de Graville
Comte de Pézenas
Comte de Clermont

Besides these court titles the head of the family was the First Prince of the Blood which meant that he was addressed as Monsieur le Prince at court and his wife as Madame la Princesse. However, the title was transferred to the House of Bourbon-Orléans in 1710 and from then on the heads of the Bourbon-Condé house went by Monsieur le Duc.


Bourbon-Conti

This house was founded by the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Condé whose name was Francois de Bourbon. However, this line went extinct in the following generation and was not taken up again until 1626 when the new House of Bourbon-Conti was founded by the younger brother of the Grand Condé: Armand de Bourbon.

The Princes and Princesses of Conti were:

Armand de Bourbon married Anne Marie Martinozzi

Louis Armand I de Bourbon married Marie Anne de Bourbon

Francois Louis de Bourbon married Marie Thérèse de Bourbon

Louis Armand II de Bourbon married Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon-Condé

Louis Francois I de Bourbon married Louise Diane d'Orléans

Louis Francois II de Bourbon married Maria Fortunata d'Este

Titles held by the House of Bourbon-Conti
Prince de Conti
Prince de La Roche-sur-Yon
Duc de Mercæur
Comte d'Alais
Comte de La Marche


Bourbon-Maine

Founded by the first son of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan, Louis-Auguste, who was legitimised and given the title of Duc du Maine. However, the title did not pass on to his children who were instead given other titles.

Louis-Auguste de Bourbon married Anne-Louise-Bénédicte de Bourbon-Condé

Louis-Auguste II de Bourbon never married

Louis Charles de Bourbon never married

The house died in 1775.

Titles held by the House of Bourbon-Maine:
Duc du Maine
Duc d'Aumale
Prince de Dombes
Comte d'Eu


Bourbon-Orléans

During Louis XIV's reign there were two Bourbon-Orléans cadet branches. One was led by his uncle, Gaston, Duc d'Orléans while the other was founded by Philippe, Duc d'Orléans - brother of Louis XIV. The daughters of Gaston carried on his side of the Bourbon-Orléans branch but with Gaston's death in 1661 it was Philippe's branch that became dominant. With the deatb of Gaston's only male heir his side of the Bourbon-Orléans line was considered extinct.

Descendants of Gaston:

Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans - better known as La Grande Mademoiselle - who was Duchesse de Montpensier in her own right

Marguerite Louise d'Orléans married Cosomo II de Medici

Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans married Louis Joseph de Lorrane, Duc de Guise

Jean Gaston d'Orléans did not marry

Marie Anne d'Orléans did not marry


House of Bourbon-Orléans:

Philippe d'Orléans married Henriette of England (1) and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (2)

Philippe II d'Orléans married Francoise Marie de Bourbon (legitimised daughter of Louis XIV)

Louis d'Orléans married Joanna of Baden-Baden

Louis Philippe I d'Orléans married Louise Henriette de Bourbon (1) and Charlotte Béraud de La Haye de Riou

Louis Philippe II d'Orléans married Louise Marie Adélaide de Bourbon

This branch was the most powerful during the reign of Louis XIV and Louis XV because of their close relations to the crown. Should the royal family had died out - as it almost did in 1712 - the house of Bourbon-Orléans would have succeeded to the throne.
In 1709 the title of First Prince of the Blood was transferred to this cadet-branch.

Titles of the house of Bourbon-Orléans:
Duc d'Orléans
Duc de Chartres
Duc de Valois
Duc de Nemours
Duc de Soissons (bestowed in 1740)
Comte de Dourdan 
Comte de Romorantin
Marquis de Coucy
Marquis de Folembray


Bourbon-Penthièvre

Founded by the son of the Comte de Toulouse (legitimised son of Louis XIV) whose name was Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon. During the Comte de Toulouse's life-time the branch was called Bourbon-Toulouse.

House of Bourbon-Penthièvre:

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon married Marie Thérèse Félicité d'Este

Louis Alexandre de Penthièvre married Marie Louise of Savoy (better known as the Princesse de Lamballe)

Louise Marie Adélaide de Penthièvre married Philippe II d'Orléans



Titles:
Duc de Penthièvre
Prince de Lamballe
Prince de Carignan
Duc de Rambouillet
Duc d'Aumale
Duc de Gisors
Duc de Châteauvillain
Duc d'Arc-en-Barrois
Duc d'Amboise
Comte d'Eu
Comte de Guingamp

Bourbon-Soissons

The line began in 1566 when it was bestowed on another son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Condé whose name was Francois de Bourbon. At court they were known as Monsieur le Comte and Madame la Comtesse. In 1641 the male line died out and the title was passed on to a sister of the former holder who was married into the house of Savoy. As such the title came to be intertwined with that of the Savoyard royal family.


The Comtes and Comtesses de Soissons were:

Charles de Bourbon married Francoise d'Alencon

Jean de Bourbon-Soissons married an unknown woman

Louis de Bourbon (Prince de Condé - he was Jean's brother) married Eléanor de Roucy de Roye (1) and Francoise d'Orléans (2)

Charles de Bourbon married Anne de Montafie

Louis de Bourbon married Marie de Bourbon

Marie de Bourbon-Soissons (sister of Louis) married Thomas Francois of Savoy

Joseph-Emmanuel of Savoy-Carignano married an unknown woman

Eugène-Maurice of Savoy-Carignano married Olympia Mancini


The house went extinct in 1734 since Eugène-Maurice and Olympia had no issue.


Bourbon-Vendôme

The second House of Bourbon-Vendôme was founded by the legitimised son of Henri IV and Gabrielle d'Estrées, César de Bourbon.Once César had been made legitimate he was granted the title of Duc de Vendôme.

Ducs and Duchesses of Vendôme:

César de Bourbon married Francoise de Lorraine

Louis II de Bourbon-Vendôme married Laura Mancini

Louis Joseph de Bourbon-Vendôme married Marie Anne de Condé

Philippe de Bourbon-Vendôme did not marry

The house went extinct in 1727; after that it was used as a courtesy title by the Comte de Provence, brother of Louis XVI

Titles held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme:
Duc de Vendôme
Duc d'Etampes
Duc de Beaufort

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