torsdag den 8. december 2016

Ducs in the Ancien Regime

Some of these were created before Louis XIV's ascension to the throne while others were created by him or his successors. As a duc you were normally also a peer of France.

Duc d'Aiguillon
Held by the House of Vignerot du Plessis

Duc d'Albret
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1641-1651
Held by the House of La Tour d'Auvergne from 1651-1771

Duc d'Amboise
Made a duchy in 1787
Held by Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon

Duc d'Antin
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of de Pardaillan de Gondrin

Duc d'Arpajon
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by Louis d'Arpajon

Duc d'Aubigny
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by Louise-Renée de Kéroualle from 1684-1734
Held by Charles Lennox de Richmond from 1777-1790

Duc d'Aumale
Made a duchy in 1547
Held by the Houses of Lorraine and Savoy from 1547-1652
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1695-1790

Duc d'Aumont
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of d'Aumont de Rochebaron

Duc de Beaufort
Made a duchy in 1597
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1598-1668

Duc de Biron
Made a duchy in 1598
Held by the House of Gontaut

Duc de Boufflers
Made a duchy in 1708
Held by the House of Boufflers

Duc de Bournonville
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Ambroise-Francois de Bournonville

Duc de Brissac
Made a duchy in 1611
Held by the House of Cossé

Duc de Brunoy
Made a duchy in 1777
Held by Louis Stanislas Xavier, brother of Louis XVI

Duc de Châteauroux
Made a duchy in 1616
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1661-1736
Held by Anne-Marie de Mailly from 1743-1744
Held by Charles, brother of Louis XVI, from 1776-1790

Duc de Châteauvillain
Made a duchy in 1703
Held by the House of Bourbon

Duc de Châtillon
Made a duchy in 1736
Held by the House of Châtillon

Duc de Charost
Made a duchy in 1672
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Choiseul
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of Choiseul

Duc de Clermont-Tonnerre
Made a duchy in 1571
Held by the House of Clermont-Tonnerre

Duc de Coigny - last peerage made before the revolution
Made a duchy in 1787
Held by Francois-Henri de Franquetot

Duc de Coligny
Made a duchy in 1643
Held by the House of Coligny

Duc de Crèquy
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Charles de Bonne de Blanchefort

Duc de Damville
Made a duchy in 1610
Held by the House of Lévis from 1648-1661
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1694-1719

Duc de Duras
Made a duchy in 1668
Held by the House of Durfort

Duc d'Elbeuf
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Lorraine

Duc d'Enghien
Made a duchy in 1566
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé

Duc d'Épernon
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Nogaret

Duc d'Éstrées
Made a duchy in 1648
Held by the House of d'Estrées

Duc de Ferté-Senneterre
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of Senneterre

Duc de Fitz-James
Made a duchy in 1710
Held by the House of Fitz-James

Duc de Fleury
Made a duchy in 1736
Held by the House of Rosset

Duc de Fronsac
Made a duchy in 1608
Held by Cradinal de Richelieu from 1634-1642
Held by the House of de Maillé from 1642-1646
Held by Louis II de Bourbon-Condé from 1646-1674
Held by the House of de Vignerot du Plessis from 1674-1790)

Duc de Gesvres
Made a duchy in 1648
Held by the House of Potier

Duc de Gisors
Made a duchy in 1748
Held by Charles-Louis Fouquet de Belle-Isle from 1748-1761
Held by Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon from 1776-1790

Duc de Gramont
Made a duchy in 1643
Held by the House of Gramont

Duc de Guise
Made a duchy in 1528
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1528-1675
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1675-1790

Duc d'Harcourt
Made a duchy in 1709
Held by the House of d'Harcourt

Duc d'Hostun
Made a duchy in 1715
Held by the House of d'Hostun

Duc de Joyeuse
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Joyeuse from 1581-1608
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1608-1688
Held by Louis II de Melun from 1714-1724

Duc de La Force
Made a duchy in 1637
Held by the House of Caumont

Duc de La Meilleraye
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of de La Porte-Mazarin

Duc de La Valette
Made a duchy in 1622
Held by the House of Nogaret

Duc de La Vallière
Made a duchy in 1667
Held by the House of La Baume de Blanc

Duc de La Vauguyon
Made a duchy in 1758
Held by the House of de Quelen de Stuer de Caussade

Duc de Le Lude
Made a duchy in 1675
Held by Henri de Daillon

Duc de Lavedan
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by the House of Montaut-Navailles

Duc de Lévis
Made a duchy in 1723
Held by Charles-Eugène de Lévis-Charlus

Duc de Lesdiguières
Made a duchy in 1611
Held by the House of dee Bonne de Blanchefort

Duchesse de Louvois
Made a duchy in 1711
Held jointly by Mesdames Sophie and Adélaide, daughters of Louis XV

Duc de Luynes
Made a duchy in 1619
Held by the House of d'Albert

Duc de Mercæur
Made a duchy in 1569
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1569-1649
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1649-1712
Held by the House of Bourbon-Conti from 1723-1770
Held by Charles, brother of Louis XVI

Duc de Montausier
Made a duchy in 1664
Held by Charles de Sainte-Maure

Duc de Montaut
Made a duchy in 1660
Held by Philippe de Montaut-Navailles

Duc de Montbazon
Made a duchy in 1588
Held by the House of Rohan (later combined to Rohan-Guéméné)

Duc de Montmorency
Made a duchy in 1551
Held by the House of Montmorency

Duc de Montpensier
Made a duchy in 1539
Held by the House of Bourbon-Montpensier from 1582-1627
Held by the House of d'Orléans from 1627-1790

Duc de Mortemart
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by the House of Rochechouart

Duc de Noailles
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of Noailles

Duc de Noirmoutier
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by Louis de La Trémoïlle

Duc d'Orval
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Penthièvre
Made a duchy in 1569
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1575-1608
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1608-1687
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1697-1790

Duc de Piney-Luxembourg
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of d'Albert from 1620-1661
Held by the House of Montmorency from 1661-1790

Duc de Praslin
Made a duchy in 1762
Held by the House of Choiseul-Praslin

Duc de Rambouillet
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of

Duc de Randan
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of Bourbon

Duc de Retz
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Gondi

Duc de Richelieu
Made a duchy in 1631
Held by the House of Vignerot du Plessis

Duc de Roche-Guyon
Made a duchy in 1621
Held by Roger du Plessis-Liancourt

Duc de Rochefoucauld
Made a duchy in 1622
Held by the House of La Rochefoucauld

Duc de Rohan
Made a duchy in 1603
Held by the House of Rohan-Chabot

Duc de Rohan-Rohan
Made a duchy in 1714
Held by the House of Rohan-Soubise

Duc de Roquelaure
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Charles de Bonne de Blanchefort

Duc de Rosnay
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by Francois de L'Hospital

Duc de Saint-Aignan
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of de Beauvillier

Duc de Saint-Fargeau
Made a duchy in 1575
Held by the House of d'Orléans

Duc de Saint-Simon
Made a duchy in 1635
Held by the House of Rouroy

Duc de Sully
Made a duchy in 1606
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Thouars
Made a duchy in 1595
Held by the House of La Trémoïlle

Duc d'Uzès
Made a duchy in 1572
Held by the House of Crussol

Duc de Valentinois
Made a duchy in 1642
Held by the House of Monaco

Duc de Vendôme
Made a duchy in 1515
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme

Duc de Ventadour
Made a duchy in 1589
Held by the House of Lévis

Duc de Verneuil
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Henri de Bourbon

Duc de Vieuville
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by the House of La Vieuville

Duc de Villars-Brancas
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by the House of Brancas

Duc de Villeroi
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by the House of Neufville

Duc de Vitry
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by Francois-Marie de L'Hospital

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