Thursday, 8 December 2016

Ducs in the Ancien Regime

Some of these were created before Louis XIV's ascension to the throne while others were created by him or his successors. As a duc you were normally also a peer of France.

Duc d'Aiguillon
Held by the House of Vignerot du Plessis

Duc d'Albret
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1641-1651
Held by the House of La Tour d'Auvergne from 1651-1771

Duc d'Amboise
Made a duchy in 1787
Held by Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon

Duc d'Antin
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of de Pardaillan de Gondrin

Duc d'Arpajon
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by Louis d'Arpajon

Duc d'Aubigny
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by Louise-Renée de Kéroualle from 1684-1734
Held by Charles Lennox de Richmond from 1777-1790

Duc d'Aumale
Made a duchy in 1547
Held by the Houses of Lorraine and Savoy from 1547-1652
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1695-1790

Duc d'Aumont
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of d'Aumont de Rochebaron

Duc de Beaufort
Made a duchy in 1597
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1598-1668

Duc de Biron
Made a duchy in 1598
Held by the House of Gontaut

Duc de Boufflers
Made a duchy in 1708
Held by the House of Boufflers

Duc de Bournonville
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Ambroise-Francois de Bournonville

Duc de Brissac
Made a duchy in 1611
Held by the House of Cossé

Duc de Brunoy
Made a duchy in 1777
Held by Louis Stanislas Xavier, brother of Louis XVI

Duc de Châteauroux
Made a duchy in 1616
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1661-1736
Held by Anne-Marie de Mailly from 1743-1744
Held by Charles, brother of Louis XVI, from 1776-1790

Duc de Châteauvillain
Made a duchy in 1703
Held by the House of Bourbon

Duc de Châtillon
Made a duchy in 1736
Held by the House of Châtillon

Duc de Charost
Made a duchy in 1672
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Choiseul
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of Choiseul

Duc de Clermont-Tonnerre
Made a duchy in 1571
Held by the House of Clermont-Tonnerre

Duc de Coigny - last peerage made before the revolution
Made a duchy in 1787
Held by Francois-Henri de Franquetot

Duc de Coligny
Made a duchy in 1643
Held by the House of Coligny

Duc de Crèquy
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Charles de Bonne de Blanchefort

Duc de Damville
Made a duchy in 1610
Held by the House of Lévis from 1648-1661
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1694-1719

Duc de Duras
Made a duchy in 1668
Held by the House of Durfort

Duc d'Elbeuf
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Lorraine

Duc d'Enghien
Made a duchy in 1566
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé

Duc d'Épernon
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Nogaret

Duc d'Éstrées
Made a duchy in 1648
Held by the House of d'Estrées

Duc de Ferté-Senneterre
Made a duchy in 1665
Held by the House of Senneterre

Duc de Fitz-James
Made a duchy in 1710
Held by the House of Fitz-James

Duc de Fleury
Made a duchy in 1736
Held by the House of Rosset

Duc de Fronsac
Made a duchy in 1608
Held by Cradinal de Richelieu from 1634-1642
Held by the House of de Maillé from 1642-1646
Held by Louis II de Bourbon-Condé from 1646-1674
Held by the House of de Vignerot du Plessis from 1674-1790)

Duc de Gesvres
Made a duchy in 1648
Held by the House of Potier

Duc de Gisors
Made a duchy in 1748
Held by Charles-Louis Fouquet de Belle-Isle from 1748-1761
Held by Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon from 1776-1790

Duc de Gramont
Made a duchy in 1643
Held by the House of Gramont

Duc de Guise
Made a duchy in 1528
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1528-1675
Held by the House of Bourbon-Condé from 1675-1790

Duc d'Harcourt
Made a duchy in 1709
Held by the House of d'Harcourt

Duc d'Hostun
Made a duchy in 1715
Held by the House of d'Hostun

Duc de Joyeuse
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Joyeuse from 1581-1608
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1608-1688
Held by Louis II de Melun from 1714-1724

Duc de La Force
Made a duchy in 1637
Held by the House of Caumont

Duc de La Meilleraye
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of de La Porte-Mazarin

Duc de La Valette
Made a duchy in 1622
Held by the House of Nogaret

Duc de La Vallière
Made a duchy in 1667
Held by the House of La Baume de Blanc

Duc de La Vauguyon
Made a duchy in 1758
Held by the House of de Quelen de Stuer de Caussade

Duc de Le Lude
Made a duchy in 1675
Held by Henri de Daillon

Duc de Lavedan
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by the House of Montaut-Navailles

Duc de Lévis
Made a duchy in 1723
Held by Charles-Eugène de Lévis-Charlus

Duc de Lesdiguières
Made a duchy in 1611
Held by the House of dee Bonne de Blanchefort

Duchesse de Louvois
Made a duchy in 1711
Held jointly by Mesdames Sophie and Adélaide, daughters of Louis XV

Duc de Luynes
Made a duchy in 1619
Held by the House of d'Albert

Duc de Mercæur
Made a duchy in 1569
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1569-1649
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1649-1712
Held by the House of Bourbon-Conti from 1723-1770
Held by Charles, brother of Louis XVI

Duc de Montausier
Made a duchy in 1664
Held by Charles de Sainte-Maure

Duc de Montaut
Made a duchy in 1660
Held by Philippe de Montaut-Navailles

Duc de Montbazon
Made a duchy in 1588
Held by the House of Rohan (later combined to Rohan-Guéméné)

Duc de Montmorency
Made a duchy in 1551
Held by the House of Montmorency

Duc de Montpensier
Made a duchy in 1539
Held by the House of Bourbon-Montpensier from 1582-1627
Held by the House of d'Orléans from 1627-1790

Duc de Mortemart
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by the House of Rochechouart

Duc de Noailles
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of Noailles

Duc de Noirmoutier
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by Louis de La Trémoïlle

Duc d'Orval
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Penthièvre
Made a duchy in 1569
Held by the House of Lorraine from 1575-1608
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme from 1608-1687
Held by the House of Bourbon from 1697-1790

Duc de Piney-Luxembourg
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of d'Albert from 1620-1661
Held by the House of Montmorency from 1661-1790

Duc de Praslin
Made a duchy in 1762
Held by the House of Choiseul-Praslin

Duc de Rambouillet
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of

Duc de Randan
Made a duchy in 1711
Held by the House of Bourbon

Duc de Retz
Made a duchy in 1581
Held by the House of Gondi

Duc de Richelieu
Made a duchy in 1631
Held by the House of Vignerot du Plessis

Duc de Roche-Guyon
Made a duchy in 1621
Held by Roger du Plessis-Liancourt

Duc de Rochefoucauld
Made a duchy in 1622
Held by the House of La Rochefoucauld

Duc de Rohan
Made a duchy in 1603
Held by the House of Rohan-Chabot

Duc de Rohan-Rohan
Made a duchy in 1714
Held by the House of Rohan-Soubise

Duc de Roquelaure
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Charles de Bonne de Blanchefort

Duc de Rosnay
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by Francois de L'Hospital

Duc de Saint-Aignan
Made a duchy in 1663
Held by the House of de Beauvillier

Duc de Saint-Fargeau
Made a duchy in 1575
Held by the House of d'Orléans

Duc de Saint-Simon
Made a duchy in 1635
Held by the House of Rouroy

Duc de Sully
Made a duchy in 1606
Held by the House of Béthune

Duc de Thouars
Made a duchy in 1595
Held by the House of La Trémoïlle

Duc d'Uzès
Made a duchy in 1572
Held by the House of Crussol

Duc de Valentinois
Made a duchy in 1642
Held by the House of Monaco

Duc de Vendôme
Made a duchy in 1515
Held by the House of Bourbon-Vendôme

Duc de Ventadour
Made a duchy in 1589
Held by the House of Lévis

Duc de Verneuil
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by Henri de Bourbon

Duc de Vieuville
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by the House of La Vieuville

Duc de Villars-Brancas
Made a duchy in 1652
Held by the House of Brancas

Duc de Villeroi
Made a duchy in 1651
Held by the House of Neufville

Duc de Vitry
Made a duchy in 1650
Held by Francois-Marie de L'Hospital

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