fredag den 16. januar 2015

Vocabulary: Hats & Hairdresses

Aigrette:
Either a bejewelled ornament or a set of feathers which would be attached to a hat or the hair itself.

This lady is wearing an aigrette


Bergère:
Large straw hat with a wide brim. The crown would be decorated with a ribbon.

Bermuda:
Used for outdoor wear. Was also made of straw.

Bonnet:
Generally referring to any small head-covering.

Butterfly Cap:
A small cap made of lace shaped like a butterfly. The ladies at court would add jewels or other ornaments when it was worn at court.



The calash
Calash:
Large, folding hood which was tied under the chin with two ribbons.

Capuchin:
Also known as a Riding Hood. A soft, deep hood was used for travelling or general outdoor activities.

Coif:
Referring to caps worn indoors.

Crants / Craunce:
Was not a hat but a garland of flowers which could be adorned with jewels. In England it was worn also at the funeral of a deceased virgin.

Dormeuse:
White cap with ruffled sides worn indoors.

Marie Josèphe de Saxe wearing a dormeuse
Fantail:
A hat with the front cocks tipping backwards and the brim opened up in the shape of a fan. Mostly worm by men but women could be seen wearing them on horseback too.

Hive Bonnet:
A straw hat with a high crown which was shaped like a bee-hive.

Kevenhuller:
Large hat with the front brim cocked into a peak. Worn by men.

Back of a short hood
Mecklenburg Cap:
So-called "turbin-roll" which came into fashion after Charlotte of Mecklenburg married George III of England.

Mob Cap:
Another white cap worn indoors of either cambric or muslin. Even though it was equipped with ribbons it was always left untied.

Napkin Cap:
Used to cover up a man's bald head when his wig was being changed.

Opera Hat:
A small and flat hat which was designed to be carried under the arm.


Peter III's tricorne hat


Quaker:
A hat with a tall crown which was cocked open in the front.

Short Hood / Pug Hood:
A small hood with pleads extending from a knot at the back of the head.

Tricorne:
Three-pointed hat.

Veil:
Long piece of lace, muslin or gauze which would be attached to a headdress. Could cover the hair as well as the face.

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